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Software Projects

Here are some further details of my software projects - although these tend to be a bit more longer-term than my hardware projects.

format I've programmed embedded system both professionally and for home projects for many years. One aspect that has always bugged me is the use of printf() in embedded systems. Sometimes the compiler vendor does not provide it. Others provide an implementation which consumes a lot of ROM and RAM. Very few offer a useable version suitable for use in these memor-constrained targets.

The other thing which bugged me was using it in applications which had some funky output, such as an LCD. The proscribed method is to sprintf() into a buffer and then spit that out to the display. That just seems wrong.

So wayback around 1998 or so I started writing my own version of printf() that incorporated many of the ideas I had had to solve my specific needs. And so came format - a general-purpose string formatting library for embedded systems.

Its main features are:

  • Small code size (2kB compiled for ARM with GCC 4.4)
  • Low system overheads (no large buffers)
  • Fully re-entrant
  • Supports most of ANSI C99 printf() format specifications

format itself does not send any output characters to any device. Instead, it calls a consumer function, supplied by the caller, to process any output. A simple example would be a function to send the characters to a UART. A more advanced use might be sending characters to an LCD.


I've been developing MIDI devices for several years now (the first one being my Masters project - a MIDI-controlled Walsh Function additive synthesizer.). I've worked on a few others since.

And every time I found myself rewriting the same MIDI parsing code, and hitting the same kind of bugs. And reading on the internet I realised I wasn't alone. So I decided to fix that. And miby - MIDI Byte Stream Parser is the result.

It is work-in-progress, but as it stands today it is a working system that will parse multiple MIDI byte streams, calling to handler functions when various MIDI messages are successfully received.

It is written in an object-oriented approach, so it could be used for processing multiple MIDI streams.

Work to do includes adding controller message processing, SysEx processor, sample dump library, file transfer library, etc.


For more years than I can remember I have been exploring small processors, from the veneral 6502 in my first home computer (a Commodore VIC-20), to the Intel 8096 in a Roland W-30, and more recently the NEC uPD78310 in a Kawai K4.

With the 8096 I enhanced and further developed and refined an existing disassembler by Willem Jan Hengeveld, the result being dis96. When I started exploring the uPD78310 I extended that disassembler, restructuring it in a modular fashion so it was relatively easy to support another processor. The result -- dasmxx - Small processor disassembler suite -- looks like forming the basis of a suite of disassemblers for smaller 8-bit and 16-bit processors.

To date, it supports the Intel 8096 and NEC uPD78310. The next processor I intend to add is the 6502, mostly for historical reasons rather than a specific project need.



I first came across Tcl (Tool Command Language) when I installed Linux on my venerable home PC. Coupled with the graphical toolkit Tk it looked like a Visual Basic for Unix, but after playing with it for a while now I think it has much more to offer than VB. So much so that I prefer to write programs in Tcl rather than in VB.
I suppose what impresses me most about Tcl is that it works. Period. If I want network support, it's there. If I want cross-platform development, it's there. If I want loadable module support, with a simple, easy to understand interface, it's there. Tcl offers closer "one source, many platforms" implementation than some other languages I've used. Basically, I'm a devotee!

The main Tcl/Tk home page is at Tcl.Tk.

Tcl/Tk Projects
  • InOut - Dynamically loadable Tcl library giving access to the PC's hardware ports using the inp and outp functions. This is useful if you want to twiddle around with, for example, the PC's printer port at the hardware level. This library is written specifically for, and used with, the Windows 95/98 platform.

    Download it

    I have used it to implement a proprietary synchronous serial comms link between the PC parallel port and a large FPGA (big, programmable chip with lots - about 70,000 - logic gates).

  • Minesweeper - the classic game! Works both standalone and inside a web browser using the Tcl plugin.

    Download the source.

    Save the file, then unzip it to get mines.tcl. Under Windows just double-click on the file and it will start (if you have already installed TclTk on your machine). Under UNIX/Linux either source the file in a wish shell, or edit the path to wish (first line of the file) and make it executable with chmod.

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